The breed characteristic of Brahman cattle allow them the unique ability to withstand temperature of extremes. Brahman cattle have short, thick and silky hair; the ability to sweat; loose, darkly pigmented skin with numerous folds for greater skin surface area. All of these Brahman breed characteristics give both Red Brahman and Gray Brahman cattle advantages over other breeds of cattle in areas of high temperature. Brahman cattle are known for their ability to:
- Their ability to tolerate high temperatures in the hot and humid regions of the world.
- Their natural resistance to a variety of insects responsible for the transmission of many tropical diseases.
- Their reduced rates of being affected by infectious keratoconjunctivitis, eye cancer or other diseases associated with sunlight.
- Reproductive Efficiency: Good reproductive performance of a cow is the best indicator of its adaptation to the environment. The goal of any cattleman is to wean a calf every year. Brahman cattle are known to be great mothers with tremendous fertility.
- Longevity: Brahman females have a long productive life, easily up to 50% longer than the cows of European breeds.
- Maternal Ability: Brahman cows have the strongest maternal instinct of any other breed of cattle. They are famous for protecting their young from danger and are very well suited to extensive grazing areas under poor driving conditions.
- The Brahman cows have a low incidence of dystocia. This is due to the large pelvic breadth and usually calves are lighter at birth, making it the perfect combination for calving.
- Milk Production: Scientific studies have shown that an average Brahman cow produces between 22% to 44% more milk than cows of European beef breeds.
- Resistance to Diseases and Insects: Brahman cattle can sweat a secretion of an oily substance that tends to repel flies, mosquitoes and other biting insects.
- The Brahman breed has proven that is the best breed of beef cattle to breed where nature is hard and where conditions are poor. Brahmans thrive in areas with prolonged drought and even when pastures are of low quality.
- In feedlots Brahman bulls excel with tremendous average daily weight gains, while consuming less than other breeds. Making them desirable in regions where food and grains are scarce.