The American Brahman breed originated with cattle imported into the United States from India. There were four breeds that contributed to the founding of the American Brahman; Guzerat, Nelore, Gyr and Krishna Valley which came to the United States in different shipments between 1854 and 1946.
These animals were carefully and strictly selected to form a new beef breed with characteristics that would adapt well to tropical and sub-tropical climates. The resulting cattle were the American Brahman breed of cattle. American Brahman cattle have improved meat production around the world, while making beef production more viable and efficient in the tropics.
If one is to take into account only the characteristics of cattle for beef production, Brahman cattle are clearly better than any of the other breeds of cattle today.
The American Brahman Breeders Association, or ABBA, was founded in 1924 as the official breed registry of American Brahman cattle in the United States. Its original mission was to maintain parentage and ownership records of American Brahman cattle, both red Brahman and Gray Brahman cattle. During its long history, The American Brahman Breeders Association, or ABBA, has expanded its representation of breeders to speak for Brahman breeders and their cattle all over the world.
The Brahman cattle is known worldwide for its hardiness, strength and ability to find food.
The breed characteristic of Brahman cattle allow them the unique ability to withstand temperature of extremes. Brahman cattle have short, thick and silky hair; the ability to sweat; loose, darkly pigmented skin with numerous folds for greater skin surface area. All of these Brahman breed characteristics give both Red Brahman and Gray Brahman cattle advantages over other breeds of cattle in areas of high temperature. Brahman cattle are known for: their ability to:
- Their ability to tolerate high temperatures in the hot and humid regions of the world.
- Their natural resistance to a variety of insects responsible for the transmission of many tropical diseases.
- Their reduced rates of being affected by infectious keratoconjunctivitis, eye cancer or other diseases associated with sunlight.
- Reproductive Efficiency: Good reproductive performance of a cow is the best indicator of its adaptation to the environment. The goal of any cattleman is to wean a calf every year. Brahman cattle are known to be great mothers with tremendous fertility.
- Longevity: Brahman females have a long productive life, easily up to 50% longer than the cows of European breeds.
- Maternal Ability: Brahman cows have the strongest maternal instinct of any other breed of cattle. They are famous for protecting their young from danger and are very well suited to extensive grazing areas under poor driving conditions.
- The Brahman cows have a low incidence of dystocia. This is due to the large pelvic breadth and usually calves are lighter at birth, making it the perfect combination for calving.
- Milk Production: Scientific studies have shown that an average Brahman cow produces between 22% to 44% more milk than cows of European beef breeds.
- Resistance to Diseases and Insects: Brahman cattle can sweat a secretion of an oily substance that tends to repel flies, mosquitoes and other biting insects.
- The Brahman breed has proven that is the best breed of beef cattle to breed where nature is hard and where conditions are poor. Brahmans thrive in areas with prolonged drought and even when pastures are of low quality.
- In feedlots Brahman bulls excel with tremendous average daily weight gains, while consuming less than other breeds. Making them desirable in regions where food and grains are scarce.